Ultrasonographic findings relating to lymph node metastasis in single micropapillary thyroid cancer
- Ultrasonographic findings relating to lymph node metastasis in single micropapillary thyroid cancer
- Yoon Se Lee; Yun-Sung Lim; Jin-Choon Lee; Soo-Geun Wang; Seok-Man Son; Sang-Soo Kim; In-Ju Kim; Byung-Joo Lee
- Lee, Byung Joo
In thyroid cancer, preoperative ultrasonography (US) is performed to detect the primary tumor and lymph node metastasis (LNM), which are related to prognosis. This study examined the relationships between specific US findings and LNM in micropapillary thyroid cancer (MPTC).
Data on 220 patients with solitary MPTC who underwent total thyroidectomy and neck dissection between 2008 and 2009 were evaluated retrospectively. We classified the US findings according to the nature, shape, echogenicity, extent, margin, and calcification of the primary tumor and evaluated the correlations between these findings and those of LNM.
Hypoechogenicity (odds ratio？=？2.331, P？=？0.025) and marked hypoechogenicity (OR？=？4.032, P？=？0.016) of MPTC were risk factors for central LNM. All of the patients with lateral cervical LNM showed hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity. Hypoechogenicity (odds ratio？=？5.349, P？=？0.047) and other types of calcification (odds ratio？=？2.495, P？=？0.010) were significant risk factors for lateral cervical LNM.
Specific sonographic findings (hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity, and calcification) suggest LNM
- Papillary thyroid cancer; Ultrasonography; Cervical lymph nodes; Metastasis
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